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Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2024

Reduction of dust radial drift by turbulence in protoplanetary disks

Héloïse Méheut
  • Function : Author
Anand Utsav Kapoor
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Context. Dust particles in protoplanetary disks rotate at velocities exceeding those of the surrounding gas due to a lack of pressure support. Consequently, they experience a headwind from the gas that drives them toward the central star. Radial drift occurs on timescales much shorter than those inferred from disk observations or those required for dust to aggregate and form planets. Additionally, turbulence is often assumed to amplify the radial drift of dust in planet-forming disks when modeled through an effective viscous transport. However, the local interactions between turbulent eddies and particles are known to be significantly more intricate than in a viscous fluid.Aims. Our objective is to elucidate and characterize the dynamic effects of Keplerian turbulence on the mean radial and azimuthal velocities of dust particles.Methods. We employed 2D shearing-box incompressible simulations of the gas, which is maintained in a developed turbulent state while rotating at a sub-Keplerian speed. Dust is modeled as Lagrangian particles set at a Keplerian velocity, therefore experiencing a radial force toward the star through drag.Results. Turbulent eddies are found to reduce the radial drift, while simultaneously enhancing the azimuthal velocities of small particles. This dynamic behavior arises from the modification of dust trajectories due to turbulent eddies.
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hal-04570253 , version 1 (07-05-2024)

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Fabiola Antonietta Gerosa, Jérémie Bec, Héloïse Méheut, Anand Utsav Kapoor. Reduction of dust radial drift by turbulence in protoplanetary disks. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2024, 685, pp.L4. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202449660⟩. ⟨hal-04570253⟩
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