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Journal Articles Physical Review Letters Year : 2023

Observation of edge magnetoplasmon squeezing in a quantum Hall conductor

Abstract

Squeezing of the quadratures of the electromagnetic field has been extensively studied in optics and microwaves. However, previous works focused on the generation of squeezed states in a low impedance ($Z_0 \approx 50 \Omega$) environment. We report here on the demonstration of the squeezing of bosonic edge magnetoplasmon modes in a quantum Hall conductor whose characteristic impedance is set by the quantum of resistance ($R_K \approx 25 k \Omega$), offering the possibility of an enhanced coupling to low-dimensional quantum conductors. By applying a combination of dc and ac drives to a quantum point contact, we demonstrate squeezing and observe a noise reduction 18% below the vacuum fluctuations. This level of squeezing can be improved by using more complex conductors, such as ac driven quantum dots or mesoscopic capacitors.
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hal-03837694 , version 1 (04-05-2023)

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H. Bartolomei, R. Bisognin, H. Kamata, Jean-Marc Berroir, E. Bocquillon, et al.. Observation of edge magnetoplasmon squeezing in a quantum Hall conductor. Physical Review Letters, 2023, 130 (10), pp.106201. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.106201⟩. ⟨hal-03837694⟩
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