Interpreting mismatches between linguistic and genetic patterns among speakers of Tanimuka (Eastern Tukanoan) and Yukuna (Arawakan) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Interface Focus Year : 2022

Interpreting mismatches between linguistic and genetic patterns among speakers of Tanimuka (Eastern Tukanoan) and Yukuna (Arawakan)

Leonardo Arias
Nicholas Q Emlen
Sietze Norder
Nora Julmi
  • Function : Author
Thiago Chacon
Jurriaan Wiegertjes
  • Function : Author
Austin Howard
  • Function : Author
Matheus C B C Azevedo
  • Function : Author
Allison Caine
  • Function : Author
Saskia Dunn
  • Function : Author
Rik van Gijn

Abstract

Northwestern Amazonia is home to a great degree of linguistic diversity, and the human societies in that region are part of complex networks of interaction that predate the arrival of Europeans. This study investigates the population and language contact dynamics between two languages found within this region, Yukuna and Tanimuka, which belong to the Arawakan and Tukanoan language families, respectively. We use evidence from linguistics, ethnohistory, ethnography and population genetics to provide new insights into the contact dynamics between these and other human groups in NWA. Our results show that the interaction between these groups intensified in the last 500 years, to the point that it is difficult to differentiate between them genetically. However, this close interaction has led to more substantial contact-induced language changes in Tanimuka than in Yukuna, consistent with a scenario of language shift and asymmetrical power relations.
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hal-03952270 , version 1 (23-01-2023)

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Leonardo Arias, Nicholas Q Emlen, Sietze Norder, Nora Julmi, Magdalena Lemus Serrano, et al.. Interpreting mismatches between linguistic and genetic patterns among speakers of Tanimuka (Eastern Tukanoan) and Yukuna (Arawakan). Interface Focus, 2022, 13, ⟨10.1098/rsfs.2022.0056⟩. ⟨hal-03952270⟩
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