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Journal Articles Science Advances Year : 2024

Addressing climate change with behavioral science: A global intervention tournament in 63 countries

Madalina Vlasceanu (1) , Kimberly C. Doell (1, 2) , Joseph Bak-Coleman (3, 4) , Boryana Todorova (2) , Michael M Berkebile-Weinberg (1) , Samantha J. Grayson (5) , Yash Patel (1) , Danielle Goldwert (1) , Yifei Pei (1) , Alek Chakroff (6) , Ekaterina Pronizius (2) , Karlijn L. van den Broek (7) , Denisa Vlasceanu (8) , Sara Constantino (9) , Michael J. Morais (10) , Philipp Schumann (11) , Steve Rathje (1) , Ke Fang (1) , Salvatore Maria Aglioti (12) , Mark Alfano (13) , Andy J. Alvarado-Yepez (14) , Angélica Andersen (15) , Frederik Anseel (16) , Matthew A. J. Apps (17) , Chillar Asadli , Fonda Jane Awuor (18) , Flavio Azevedo (19) , Piero Basaglia (20) , Jocelyn J. Bélanger (21) , Sebastian Berger (22) , Paul Bertin (23, 24) , Michał Białek (25) , Olga Bialobrzeska (26) , Michelle Blaya-Burgo (27) , Daniëlle N. M. Bleize (28) , Simen Bø (29) , Lea Boecker (30) , Paulo S. Boggio (31) , Sylvie Borau (32) , Björn Bos (20) , Ayoub Bouguettaya (17) , Markus Brauer (33) , Cameron Brick (34, 35) , Tymofii Brik , Roman Briker (36) , Tobias Brosch (37) , Ondrej Buchel (38) , Daniel Buonauro (39) , Radhika Butalia (40) , Héctor Carvacho (41) , Sarah A. E. Chamberlain (42) , Hang-Yee Chan (43) , Dawn Chow (44) , Dongil Chung (45) , Luca Cian (46) , Noa Cohen-Eick (47, 19) , Luis Sebastian Contreras-Huerta (17, 48) , Davide Contu (49) , Vladimir Cristea (50) , Jo Cutler (17) , Silvana d'Ottone (41) , Jonas de Keersmaecker (51, 52) , Sarah Delcourt (40) , Sylvain Delouvée (53) , Kathi Diel (54) , Benjamin D. Douglas (33) , Moritz A. Drupp (20, 55) , Shreya Dubey (34) , Jānis Ekmanis (56) , Christian T. Elbaek (57) , Mahmoud Elsherif (17, 58) , Iris M. Engelhard (59) , Yannik A. Escher (30) , Tom W. Etienne (50, 60) , Laura Farage (61) , Ana Rita Farias (62) , Stefan Feuerriegel (63) , Andrej Findor (64) , Lucia Freira (65) , Malte Friese (54) , Neil Philip Gains (66) , Albina Gallyamova (67) , Sandra J. Geiger (2) , Oliver Genschow (30) , Biljana Gjoneska (68) , Theofilos Gkinopoulos (69) , Beth Goldberg (70) , Amit Goldenberg (71, 4) , Sarah Gradidge (72) , Simone Grassini (73, 74) , Kurt Gray (75) , Sonja Grelle (76) , Siobhán M. Griffin (77) , Lusine Grigoryan (78) , Ani Grigoryan (79) , Dmitry Grigoryev (67) , June Gruber (80) , Johnrev Guilaran (81) , Britt Hadar (82) , Ulf J. J. Hahnel (83) , Eran Halperin (47) , Annelie J. Harvey (72) , Christian A. P. Haugestad (84) , Aleksandra M. Herman (85, 86) , Hal E. Hershfield (87) , Toshiyuki Himichi (88) , Donald W. Hine (42) , Wilhelm Hofmann (76) , Lauren Howe (89) , Enma Huaman-Chulluncuy (90) , Guanxiong Huang (91) , Tatsunori Ishii (92) , Ayahito Ito (93) , Fanli Jia (94) , John T. Jost (1) , Veljko Jovanović (95) , Dominika Jurgiel (96) , Ondřej Kácha , Reeta Kankaanpää (97, 98) , Jaroslaw Kantorowicz (99) , Elena Kantorowicz-Reznichenko (100) , Keren Kaplan Mintz (101) , Ilker Kaya (102) , Ozgur Kaya (102) , Narine Khachatryan (79) , Anna Klas (103) , Colin Klein (104) , Christian A. Klöckner (105) , Lina Koppel (106) , Alexandra I. Kosachenko (107) , Emily J. Kothe (103) , Ruth Krebs (51) , Amy R. Krosch (108) , Andre P. M. Krouwel (109) , Yara Kyrychenko (110) , Maria Lagomarsino (83) , Claus Lamm (2) , Florian Lange (40) , Julia Lee Cunningham (111) , Jeffrey Lees (112, 113) , Tak Yan Leung (114) , Neil Levy (13) , Patricia L. Lockwood (17) , Chiara Longoni (115) , Alberto López Ortega (109) , David D. Loschelder (30) , Jackson G. Lu (116) , Yu Luo (117) , Joseph Luomba , Annika E. Lutz (118) , Johann M. Majer (119) , Ezra Markowitz (120) , Abigail A. Marsh (121) , Karen Louise Mascarenhas (122) , Bwambale Mbilingi , Winfred Mbungu (123) , Cillian McHugh (77) , Marijn H. C. Meijers (34) , Hugo Mercier (124) , Fenant Laurent Mhagama , Katerina Michalakis (125) , Nace Mikus (57, 2) , Sarah Milliron (108) , Panagiotis Mitkidis (57) , Fredy S. Monge-Rodríguez (14) , Youri L. Mora (126, 24) , David Moreau (127) , Kosuke Motoki (128) , Manuel Moyano (129) , Mathilde Mus (124) , Joaquin Navajas (130, 65) , Tam Luong Nguyen (131) , Dung Minh Nguyen (132) , Trieu Nguyen (132) , Laura Niemi (108) , Sari R. R. Nijssen (2) , Gustav Nilsonne (133, 134) , Jonas P Nitschke (2) , Laila Nockur (57) , Ritah Okura , Sezin Öner (135) , Asil Ali Özdoğru (136, 137) , Helena Palumbo (138) , Costas Panagopoulos (9) , Maria Serena Panasiti (12, 139) , Philip Pärnamets (133) , Mariola Paruzel-Czachura (60, 140) , Yuri G. Pavlov (141) , César Payán-Gómez (142) , Adam R. Pearson (39) , Leonor Pereira da Costa (62) , Hannes M. Petrowsky (30) , Stefan Pfattheicher (57) , Nhat Tan Pham (143) , Vladimir Ponizovskiy (76) , Clara Pretus (144) , Gabriel G. Rêgo (31) , Ritsaart Reimann (13) , Shawn A Rhoads (121, 145) , Julian Riano-Moreno , Isabell Richter (105) , Jan Philipp Röer (146) , Jahred Rosa-Sullivan (87) , Robert M. Ross (13) , Anandita Sabherwal (147) , Toshiki Saito (148, 149) , Oriane Sarrasin (150) , Nicolas Say (151) , Katharina Schmid (52) , Michael T. Schmitt (118) , Philipp Schoenegger (152) , Christin Scholz (153) , Mariah G. Schug , Stefan Schulreich (154, 2) , Ganga Shreedhar (147) , Eric Shuman (1, 71) , Smadar Sivan (82) , Hallgeir Sjåstad (29) , Meikel Soliman (30) , Katia Soud (57) , Tobia Spampatti (37) , Gregg Sparkman (155) , Ognen Spasovski (156, 157) , Samantha K. Stanley (104) , Jessica A. Stern (46) , Noel Strahm (22) , Yasushi Suko (97) , Sunhae Sul (158) , Stylianos Syropoulos (155) , Neil C. Taylor (159) , Elisa Tedaldi (160) , Gustav Tinghög (106) , Luu Duc Toan Huynh (161) , Giovanni Antonio Travaglino (162) , Manos Tsakiris (162) , İlayda Tüter (137) , Michael Tyrala (91) , Özden Melis Uluğ (86) , Arkadiusz Urbanek (163) , Danila Valko (164, 165) , Sander van der Linden (110) , Kevin van Schie (166) , Aart van Stekelenburg (28) , Edmunds Vanags (56) , Daniel Västfjäll (106) , Stepan Vesely (105) , Jáchym Vintr , Marek Vranka (167) , Patrick Otuo Wanguche (18) , Robb Willer (5) , Adrian Dominik Wojcik (96) , Rachel Xu (70) , Anjali Yadav (168, 169) , Magdalena Zawisza (72) , Xian Zhao (170) , Jiaying Zhao (117) , Dawid Żuk (171) , Jay J. van Bavel (1)
1 NYU - New York University [New York]
2 University of Vienna [Vienna]
3 Columbia University [New York]
4 Harvard University
5 Stanford University
6 CAL POLY - California Polytechnic State University [San Luis Obispo]
7 Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development
8 PITT - University of Pittsburgh
9 Northeastern University [Boston]
10 AWS - Amazon Web Services [Seattle]
11 OFFIS - Carl Von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg = Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg
12 UNIROMA - Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza" = Sapienza University [Rome]
13 Macquarie University [Sydney]
14 UPCH - Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
15 UTFPR - Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná [Curitiba, Brasil] = Federal Technological University of Paraná [Curitiba, Brazil] = Université technologique fédérale du Paraná [Curitiba, Brésil]
16 UNSW Business School
17 University of Birmingham [Birmingham]
18 Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute - KMFRI (KENYA)
19 University of Groningen [Groningen]
20 University of Hamburg
21 New York University [Abu Dhabi]
22 UNIBE - Universität Bern / University of Bern
23 LAPCOS - Laboratoire d'Anthropologie et de Psychologie Cliniques, Cognitives et Sociales
24 ULB - Université libre de Bruxelles
25 Uniwersytet Wroclawski = University of Wroclaw
26 SWPS - SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities
27 Claremont Graduate University [Claremont, CA ]
28 Radboud University [Nijmegen]
29 Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration
30 Leuphana University of Lüneburg
31 UPM - Mackenzie Presbyterian University [São Paulo]
32 TBS - Toulouse Business School
33 University of Wisconsin-Madison
34 UvA - University of Amsterdam [Amsterdam] = Universiteit van Amsterdam
35 Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences - Høgskolen i Innlandet
36 Maastricht University [Maastricht]
37 UNIGE - Université de Genève = University of Geneva
38 SAS - Slovak Academy of Sciences
39 Pomona College
40 KU Leuven - Catholic University of Leuven = Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
41 UC - Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
42 University of Canterbury [Christchurch]
43 King‘s College London
44 University of Melbourne
45 UNIST - Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
46 University of Virginia
47 HUJ - The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
48 Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez [Santiago]
49 CUD - Canadian University of Dubai
50 Kieskompas
51 UGENT - Universiteit Gent = Ghent University
52 URL - Universitat Ramon Llull [Barcelona]
53 LP3C - EA1285 - Laboratoire de Psychologie : Cognition, Comportement, Communication
54 Saarland University [Saarbrücken]
55 CEN - Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability
56 LU - University of Latvia
57 Aarhus University [Aarhus]
58 University of Leicester
59 Universiteit Utrecht / Utrecht University [Utrecht]
60 University of Pennsylvania
61 University of Salzburg
62 Lusófona University [Lisbon]
63 LMU - Ludwig Maximilian University [Munich] = Ludwig Maximilians Universität München
64 Comenius University in Bratislava
65 Universidad Torcuato Di Tella
66 TU - Thammasat University
67 HSE - Vysšaja škola èkonomiki = National Research University Higher School of Economics [Moscow]
68 MASA - Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts [Skopje, North Macedonia]
69 UJ - Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie = Jagiellonian University
70 Google Inc.
71 Harvard Business School
72 ARU - Anglia Ruskin University
73 UiB - University of Bergen
74 University of Stavanger
75 UNC - University of North Carolina [Chapel Hill]
76 RUB - Ruhr University Bochum = Ruhr-Universität Bochum
77 UL - University of Limerick
78 University of York [York, UK]
79 Yerevan State University
80 University of Colorado [Boulder]
81 University of the Philippines Visayas
82 RUNI - Reichman University [Herzliya]
83 Unibas - Université de Bâle = University of Basel = Basel Universität
84 UiO - University of Oslo
85 PAN - Polska Akademia Nauk = Polish Academy of Sciences = Académie polonaise des sciences
86 University of Sussex
87 UCLA - University of California [Los Angeles]
88 KUT - Kochi University of Technology
89 UZH - Universität Zürich [Zürich] = University of Zurich
90 UNSAAC - Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco
91 CUHK - City University of Hong Kong [Hong Kong]
92 Japan Women's university
93 Tohoku University [Sendai]
94 Seton Hall University
95 University of Novi Sad
96 Nicolaus Copernicus University [Toruń]
97 University of Tampere [Finland]
98 University of Turku
99 Universiteit Leiden = Leiden University
100 Erasmus University Rotterdam
101 University of Haifa [Haifa]
102 American University of Sharjah
103 Deakin University [Burwood]
104 ANU - Australian National University
105 NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology [Trondheim]
106 LIU - Linköping University
107 UrFU - Ural Federal University [Ekaterinburg]
108 Cornell University [New York]
109 VU - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam [Amsterdam]
110 CAM - University of Cambridge [UK]
111 University of Michigan [Ann Arbor]
112 Clemson University
113 Princeton University
114 USC - University of the Sunshine Coast
115 QSB - Questrom School of Business
116 MIT Sloan - Sloan School of Management
117 University of British Columbia [Vancouver]
118 SFU.ca - Simon Fraser University = Université Simon Fraser
119 University of Hildesheim
120 UMass Amherst - University of Massachusetts [Amherst]
121 GU - Georgetown University [Washington]
122 USP - Universidade de São Paulo = University of São Paulo
123 SUA - Sokoine University of Agriculture
124 IJN - Institut Jean-Nicod
125 University of London [London]
126 FNRS - Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique [Bruxelles]
127 University of Auckland [Auckland]
128 UTokyo - The University of Tokyo
129 Universidad de Córdoba = University of Córdoba [Córdoba]
130 CONICET - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas [Buenos Aires]
131 UEH - University of Economics Ho Chi Minh City
132 National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology [Taiwan]
133 Karolinska Institutet [Stockholm]
134 Stockholm University
135 KHAS - Kadir Has University
136 Marmara University [Kadıköy - İstanbul]
137 Üsküdar university
138 UPF - Universitat Pompeu Fabra [Barcelona]
139 Fondazione Santa Lucia [IRCCS]
140 University of Silesia in Katowice
141 University of Tübingen
142 UNAL - Universidad Nacional de Colombia [Bogotà]
143 International University HCMC [Vietnam]
144 UAB - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona = Autonomous University of Barcelona = Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
145 MSSM - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai [New York]
146 Universität Witten/Herdecke
147 LSE - London School of Economics and Political Science
148 Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science Fellow
149 Waseda University [Tokyo, Japan]
150 UNIL - Université de Lausanne = University of Lausanne
151 VSE - Prague University of Economics and Business
152 University of St Andrews [Scotland]
153 ASCoR - Amsterdam School of Communication Research
154 UHH - Universität Hamburg
155 BC - Boston College
156 UKIM - Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje
157 Trnava University
158 PNU - Pusan National University
159 UQ [All campuses : Brisbane, Dutton Park Gatton, Herston, St Lucia and other locations] - The University of Queensland
160 Unipd - Università degli Studi di Padova = University of Padua
161 QMUL - Queen Mary University of London
162 RHUL - Royal Holloway [University of London]
163 UWr - University of Wrocław [Poland]
164 SUSU - South Ural State University
165 Tyumen State University
166 Tilburg University [Netherlands]
167 UK - Univerzita Karlova [Praha, Česká republika] = Charles University [Prague, Czech Republic]
168 IIT Kanpur - Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
169 La Trobe University [Melbourne]
170 Northwestern University [Evanston]
171 UW - University of Warsaw
Madalina Vlasceanu
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1348911
Boryana Todorova
Yash Patel
Danielle Goldwert
Ekaterina Pronizius
Denisa Vlasceanu
Sara Constantino
Michael J. Morais
Ke Fang
Mark Alfano
Frederik Anseel
Chillar Asadli
Flavio Azevedo
Jocelyn J. Bélanger
Daniëlle N. M. Bleize
Lea Boecker
Sylvie Borau
Björn Bos
Ayoub Bouguettaya
Markus Brauer
Tymofii Brik
Ondrej Buchel
Daniel Buonauro
Hang-Yee Chan
Dawn Chow
Luca Cian
Davide Contu
Vladimir Cristea
Jo Cutler
Jānis Ekmanis
Yannik A. Escher
Tom W. Etienne
Laura Farage
Andrej Findor
Lucia Freira
Malte Friese
Sandra J. Geiger
Beth Goldberg
Amit Goldenberg
Sarah Gradidge
Siobhán M. Griffin
Lusine Grigoryan
Ani Grigoryan
June Gruber
Johnrev Guilaran
Britt Hadar
Annelie J. Harvey
Christian A. P. Haugestad
Donald W. Hine
Tatsunori Ishii
Fanli Jia
John T. Jost
Ondřej Kácha
  • Function : Author
Ilker Kaya
Ozgur Kaya
Narine Khachatryan
Anna Klas
Colin Klein
Amy R. Krosch
Yara Kyrychenko
Claus Lamm
Julia Lee Cunningham
Neil Levy
Chiara Longoni
Jackson G. Lu
Yu Luo
Joseph Luomba
  • Function : Author
Johann M. Majer
Abigail A. Marsh
Bwambale Mbilingi
Winfred Mbungu
Cillian McHugh
Hugo Mercier
Fenant Laurent Mhagama
Katerina Michalakis
Sarah Milliron
Panagiotis Mitkidis
David Moreau
Kosuke Motoki
Mathilde Mus
  • Function : Author
Jonas P Nitschke
Laila Nockur
Ritah Okura
  • Function : Author
Sezin Öner
  • Function : Author
Helena Palumbo
Costas Panagopoulos
Philip Pärnamets
Yuri G. Pavlov
Adam R. Pearson
Hannes M. Petrowsky
Stefan Pfattheicher
Nhat Tan Pham
Ritsaart Reimann
Julian Riano-Moreno
Jan Philipp Röer
Robert M. Ross
Mariah G. Schug
  • Function : Author
Smadar Sivan
Meikel Soliman
Gregg Sparkman
Samantha K. Stanley
Jessica A. Stern
Noel Strahm
Yasushi Suko
Sunhae Sul
Stylianos Syropoulos
Neil C. Taylor
Gustav Tinghög
Luu Duc Toan Huynh
Manos Tsakiris
İlayda Tüter
Özden Melis Uluğ
Arkadiusz Urbanek
Kevin van Schie
Aart van Stekelenburg
Edmunds Vanags
Jáchym Vintr
  • Function : Author
Robb Willer
Rachel Xu
Magdalena Zawisza
Xian Zhao
Jiaying Zhao
Dawid Żuk
Jay J. van Bavel

Abstract

Effectively reducing climate change requires marked, global behavior change. However, it is unclear which strategies are most likely to motivate people to change their climate beliefs and behaviors. Here, we tested 11 expert-crowdsourced interventions on four climate mitigation outcomes: beliefs, policy support, information sharing intention, and an effortful tree-planting behavioral task. Across 59,440 participants from 63 countries, the interventions’ effectiveness was small, largely limited to nonclimate skeptics, and differed across outcomes: Beliefs were strengthened mostly by decreasing psychological distance (by 2.3%), policy support by writing a letter to a future-generation member (2.6%), information sharing by negative emotion induction (12.1%), and no intervention increased the more effortful behavior—several interventions even reduced tree planting. Last, the effects of each intervention differed depending on people’s initial climate beliefs. These findings suggest that the impact of behavioral climate interventions varies across audiences and target behaviors.
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Dates and versions

hal-04445832 , version 1 (08-02-2024)

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Madalina Vlasceanu, Kimberly C. Doell, Joseph Bak-Coleman, Boryana Todorova, Michael M Berkebile-Weinberg, et al.. Addressing climate change with behavioral science: A global intervention tournament in 63 countries. Science Advances , 2024, 10 (6), ⟨10.1126/sciadv.adj5778⟩. ⟨hal-04445832⟩
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