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Article Dans Une Revue Microorganisms Année : 2023

Encystation and Stress Responses under the Control of Ubiquitin-like Proteins in Pathogenic Amoebae

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Amoebae found in aquatic and terrestrial environments encompass various pathogenic species, including the parasite Entamoeba histolytica and the free-living Acanthamoeba castellanii. Both microorganisms pose significant threats to public health, capable of inducing life-threatening effects on humans. These amoebae exist in two cellular forms: trophozoites and cysts. The trophozoite stage is the form used for growth and reproduction while the cyst stage is the resistant and disseminating form. Cysts occur after cellular metabolism slowdown due to nutritional deprivation or the appearance of environmental conditions unfavourable to the amoebae's growth and division. The initiation of encystation is accompanied by the activation of stress responses, and scarce data indicate that encystation shares factors and mechanisms identified in stress responses occurring in trophozoites exposed to toxic compounds derived from human immune defence. Although some "omics" analyses have explored how amoebae respond to diverse stresses, these studies remain limited and rarely report post-translational modifications that would provide knowledge on the molecular mechanisms underlying amoebae-specific stress responses. In this review, we discuss ubiquitin-like proteins associated with encystation and cell survival during oxidative damage. We aim to shed light on the signalling pathways involved in amoebic defence mechanisms, with a focus on their potential clinical implications against pathogenic amoebae, addressing the pressing need for effective therapies.
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hal-04268531 , version 1 (02-11-2023)

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Ascel Samba-Louaka, Elisabeth Labruyère, Mariette Matondo, Marie Locard-Paulet, Jean-Christophe Olivo-Marin, et al.. Encystation and Stress Responses under the Control of Ubiquitin-like Proteins in Pathogenic Amoebae. Microorganisms, 2023, 11 (11), pp.2670. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms11112670⟩. ⟨hal-04268531⟩
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