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Book Sections Year : 2022

The speaker’s viewpoint on events: from tense to stance


Based on Wolof data, this article introduces a new framework to account for the various functions of TAM makers in discourse while maintaining a unitary definition for each of them. This framework relies on a new functional definition of assertion, operationalizing the speaker’s viewpoint and the time of speech as the founding parameters of the default frame of reference (or base space) for any utterance. These two parameters function as the source of the modal and temporal specifications of the utterance. Their varying salience for a same TAM marker is shaped by its context of use. Applied to the Wolof verbal system, this approach allows first to account for the various uses of the Narrative, ranging from a narrative to a subordinating mood through various figures of subjective or intersubjective modality. Applied to Perfect, Presentative and imperfective suffix, this concept also reveals regular mechanisms connecting aspect, tense, modality and stance.
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Dates and versions

halshs-03371532 , version 1 (08-10-2021)
halshs-03371532 , version 2 (20-04-2022)
halshs-03371532 , version 3 (29-08-2022)


  • HAL Id : halshs-03371532 , version 3


Stéphane Robert. The speaker’s viewpoint on events: from tense to stance. Astrid De Wit, Frank Brisard, Carol Madden-Lombardi, Michael Meeuwis, Adeline Patard (eds). Beyond aspectual semantics: Explorations in the pragmatic and cognitive realms of aspect, Oxford University Press, In press. ⟨halshs-03371532v3⟩


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