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Journal Articles Science, Technology, and Human Values Year : 2016

Ludwik Fleck: On Medical Experiments on Human Beings


Ludwik Fleck’s article, ‘On medical experiments on human beings’ was published in 1948 in the main Polish medical journal; it was destined for general practitioners. Fleck was prisoner in the concentration camp Buchenwald, where he witnessed Nazi murderous ‘experiments’ on the camp’s imamates; he testified about these experiments in the Nuremberg Trial of Nazi doctors. This article, and Tadeusz Kielanowski’s comment on Fleck text, stress, however, that an exclusive focus on the – hopefully rare – criminal activities of doctors may be misleading. It is important to prevent the numerous ethical transgressions of ‘normal’ medical science and routine clinical practice.
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hal-03479178 , version 1 (20-01-2022)



Ilana Löwy. Ludwik Fleck: On Medical Experiments on Human Beings. Science, Technology, and Human Values, 2016, 41 (3), pp.534-546. ⟨10.1177/0162243915610004⟩. ⟨hal-03479178⟩
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