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Journal Articles Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences Year : 2023

High-density Surface Electromyography as Biomarker of Muscle Aging

Abstract

Sarcopenia is a muscle disease with adverse changes that increase throughout the lifetime but with different chronological scales between individuals. Addressing "early muscle aging" is becoming a critical issue for prevention. Through the CHRONOS study, we demonstrated the ability of the high-density surface electromyography (HD-sEMG), a noninvasive, wireless, portable technology, to detect both healthy muscle aging and accelerated muscle aging related to a sedentary lifestyle, one of the risk factors of sarcopenia. The HD-sEMG signals were analyzed in 91 healthy young, middle-aged, and old subjects (25-75 years) distributed according to their physical activity status (82 active and 9 sedentary; International Physical Activity Questionnaire) and compared with current methods for muscle evaluation, including muscle mass (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [DXA], ultrasonography), handgrip strength, and physical performance. The HD-sEMG signals were recorded from the rectus femoris during sit-to-stand trials, and 2 indexes were analyzed: muscular contraction intensity and muscle contraction dynamics. The clinical parameters did not differ significantly across the aging and physical activity levels. Inversely, the HD-sEMG indexes were correlated to age and were different significantly through the age categories of the 82 active subjects. They were significantly different between sedentary subjects aged 45-54 years and active ones at the same age. The HD-sEMG indexes of sedentary subjects were not significantly different from those of older active subjects (≥55 years). The muscle thicknesses evaluated using ultrasonography were significantly different between the 5 age decades but did not show a significant difference with physical activity. The HD-sEMG technique can assess muscle aging and physical inactivity-related "early aging," outperforming clinical and DXA parameters.
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Dates and versions

hal-03996111 , version 1 (19-02-2023)

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Loubna Imrani, Sofiane Boudaoud, Clément Lahaye, Caroline Moreau, Myriam Ghezal, et al.. High-density Surface Electromyography as Biomarker of Muscle Aging. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2023, 78 (1), pp.25-33. ⟨10.1093/gerona/glac143⟩. ⟨hal-03996111⟩
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