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Journal Articles Development (Cambridge, England) Year : 2023

Dorsal aorta polarization and haematopoietic stem cell emergence


ABSTRACT Recent studies have highlighted the crucial role of the aorta microenvironment in the generation of the first haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from specialized haemogenic endothelial cells (HECs). Despite more than two decades of investigations, we require a better understanding of the cellular and molecular events driving aorta formation and polarization, which will be pivotal to establish the mechanisms that operate during HEC specification and HSC competency. Here, we outline the early mechanisms involved in vertebrate aorta formation by comparing four different species: zebrafish, chicken, mouse and human. We highlight how this process, which is tightly controlled in time and space, requires a coordinated specification of several cell types, in particular endothelial cells originating from distinct mesodermal tissues. We also discuss how molecular signals originating from the aorta environment result in its polarization, creating a unique entity for HSC generation.
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hal-03996403 , version 1 (19-02-2023)



Laurent Yvernogeau, Giovanna Dainese, Thierry Jaffredo. Dorsal aorta polarization and haematopoietic stem cell emergence. Development (Cambridge, England), 2023, 150 (1), ⟨10.1242/dev.201173⟩. ⟨hal-03996403⟩
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