Systematic and Temporal Geochemical Changes in the Upper Deccan Lavas: Implications for the Magma Plumbing System of Flood Basalt Provinces - CNRS - Centre national de la recherche scientifique Access content directly
Journal Articles Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems Year : 2023

Systematic and Temporal Geochemical Changes in the Upper Deccan Lavas: Implications for the Magma Plumbing System of Flood Basalt Provinces

Abstract

Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) are unusual volcanic events in which massive amounts of melt (∼10^6 km^3) erupt in relatively short time periods (<10^6 years). Most LIP magmas have undergone extensive fractional crystallization and crustal contamination, but the crustal magmatic plumbing systems and the processes triggering eruptions are poorly understood. We present new major and trace element and radiogenic isotope data for 43 individual lava flows from a continuous 1,200 m thick stratigraphic profile through the upper, most voluminous part of the Deccan LIP (Bushe to Mahabaleshwar Formations). Eruption rates for this section are constrained by published paleomagnetic directions and absolute U-Pb ages for zircons from weathered flow tops exposed in the profile. We find four magmatic sequences each lasting ∼10^4 – ∼10^5 years during which major and trace element compositions change systematically, followed by an abrupt change in geochemistry at the start of a new sequence. Within each sequence, the MgO content and proportion of crustal contamination decrease progressively, indicating a continuous replenishment of the associated magma reservoirs with less contaminated but more evolved melts. These geochemical signatures are best explained by repeated episodes of melt recharge, mixing, and eruption of variably evolved magmas originating from relatively small magma reservoir located in different crustal levels.
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hal-04019247 , version 1 (10-03-2023)

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P. Hoyer, K. Haase, M. Regelous, Frédéric Fluteau. Systematic and Temporal Geochemical Changes in the Upper Deccan Lavas: Implications for the Magma Plumbing System of Flood Basalt Provinces. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2023, 24 (2), ⟨10.1029/2022GC010750⟩. ⟨hal-04019247⟩
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