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Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2023

Finding defects in glasses through machine learning

Abstract

Abstract Structural defects control the kinetic, thermodynamic and mechanical properties of glasses. For instance, rare quantum tunneling two-level systems (TLS) govern the physics of glasses at very low temperature. Due to their extremely low density, it is very hard to directly identify them in computer simulations. We introduce a machine learning approach to efficiently explore the potential energy landscape of glass models and identify desired classes of defects. We focus in particular on TLS and we design an algorithm that is able to rapidly predict the quantum splitting between any two amorphous configurations produced by classical simulations. This in turn allows us to shift the computational effort towards the collection and identification of a larger number of TLS, rather than the useless characterization of non-tunneling defects which are much more abundant. Finally, we interpret our machine learning model to understand how TLS are identified and characterized, thus giving direct physical insight into their microscopic nature.

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hal-04165248 , version 1 (18-07-2023)

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Simone Ciarella, Dmytro Khomenko, Ludovic Berthier, Felix Mocanu, David Reichman, et al.. Finding defects in glasses through machine learning. Nature Communications, 2023, 14 (1), pp.4229. ⟨10.1038/s41467-023-39948-7⟩. ⟨hal-04165248⟩
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