Biochemical, Enzymatic, and Computational Characterization of Recurrent Somatic Mutations of the Human Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase PTP1B in Primary Mediastinal B Cell Lymphoma - CNRS - Centre national de la recherche scientifique Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2022

Biochemical, Enzymatic, and Computational Characterization of Recurrent Somatic Mutations of the Human Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase PTP1B in Primary Mediastinal B Cell Lymphoma

Abstract

Human protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) is a ubiquitous non-receptor tyrosine phosphatase that serves as a major negative regulator of tyrosine phosphorylation cascades of metabolic and oncogenic importance such as the insulin, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and JAK/STAT pathways. Increasing evidence point to a key role of PTP1B-dependent signaling in cancer. Interestingly, genetic defects in PTP1B have been found in different human malignancies. Notably, recurrent somatic mutations and splice variants of PTP1B were identified in human B cell and Hodgkin lymphomas. In this work, we analyzed the molecular and functional levels of three PTP1B mutations identified in primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma (PMBCL) patients and located in the WPD-loop (V184D), P-loop (R221G), and Q-loop (G259V). Using biochemical, enzymatic, and molecular dynamics approaches, we show that these mutations lead to PTP1B mutants with extremely low intrinsic tyrosine phosphatase activity that display alterations in overall protein stability and in the flexibility of the active site loops of the enzyme. This is in agreement with the key role of the active site loop regions, which are preorganized to interact with the substrate and to enable catalysis. Our study provides molecular and enzymatic evidence for the loss of protein tyrosine phosphatase activity of PTP1B active-site loop mutants identified in human lymphoma.
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hal-04281620 , version 1 (13-11-2023)

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Rongxing Liu, Yujie Sun, Jérémy Berthelet, Linh-Chi Bui, Ximing Xu, et al.. Biochemical, Enzymatic, and Computational Characterization of Recurrent Somatic Mutations of the Human Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase PTP1B in Primary Mediastinal B Cell Lymphoma. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, 23 (13), pp.7060. ⟨10.3390/ijms23137060⟩. ⟨hal-04281620⟩
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