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Journal Articles Mechanisms of Ageing and Development Year : 2024

The effect of the demographic history on the evolution of senescence: a potential new test of the mutation accumulation theory

Guillaume Péron

Abstract

The different evolutionary theories of senescence predict different directions for the correlation between the population size and the intensity of senescence. Using simulations, I highlighted how the effect of the population size on the intensity of senescence could be reinforced by the time since populations have been large or small. I devised a mutation-selection model in which the effect of the mutations was age-specific. Several small populations diverged from a same large population at different points in time. At the end of the simulation, the correlation between the time since the populations had been small and the rate of senescence was positive under the mutation accumulation theory and negative under the antagonistic pleiotropy theory. The phenomenon was strong enough to reverse the usually negative relationship between the intensity of senescence and the generation time. These mutually-exclusive predictions could help broaden the taxonomic support for the mutation accumulation theory of senescence, currently mostly supported in humans and lab invertebrates. I briefly mention a few potential applications in real-life systems
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Monday, September 16, 2024
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Monday, September 16, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04508897 , version 1 (18-03-2024)

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Guillaume Péron. The effect of the demographic history on the evolution of senescence: a potential new test of the mutation accumulation theory. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, 2024, pp.111927. ⟨10.1016/j.mad.2024.111927⟩. ⟨hal-04508897⟩
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