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High-Tc superconductivity in strongly overdoped cuprates


It is widely accepted that, in the overdoped region, p > 0.27 hole/Cu, where superconductivity disappears, the properties of cuprates are conventional, i.e. Fermi-liquid like. In fact, until recently, such conventional scenario for overdoped cuprates has never been verified experimentally owing to the difficulty of overdoping the CuO2 plane. Here we report on the successful synthesis of high-purity polycrystalline samples of strongly overdoped YBa2Cu3O7+x and Cu0.75Mo0.25Sr2YCu2O7+x [1] with oxygen content, x, up to 0.4 (i.e. p > 0.5 hole/Cu, well beyond the superconducting dome) using a high-pressure oxygenation method at 4-6 GPa. Surprisingly, all samples exhibit bulk superconductivity in the 80-90 K range with little variations of Tc as a function of x. This result is confirmed by the observation of a nearly x-independent superfluid density by muon-spin-relaxation spectroscopy. Remarkably, a common feature of both systems is a record short apical distance between the apical oxygen and the planar Cu atom, which points at a partial occupancy of both Cu dx2-y2 and dz2 orbitals [2,3]. Low-temperature specific heat measurements suggest the existence of a significant fraction of unpaired electrons, consistent with a picture of electronic phase separation. Finally, a study of the local structure by means of Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy unveils huge (~1 Å) dynamical distortions of the lattice at Tc that involve the apical oxygen [4,5], which reflects a lattice-driven change of the electronic structure in the superconducting state. The above unexpected results put into question the validity of the current phenomenological description of cuprates. Specifically, we discuss the possibility of multi-orbital superconductivity and the implications of the nonadiabatic scenario suggested by our experiments on the electron-lattice dynamics. References 1. A. Gauzzi, Y. Klein, M. Nisula, M. Karppinen, P. K. Biswas, H. Saadaoui, E. Morenzoni, P. Manuel, D. Khalyavin, M. Marezio, and T. H. Geballe, Phys. Rev. B 94, 180509(R) (2016). 2. D. J. Scalapino, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 116, 12129 (2019). 3. T. Maier, T. Berlijn, and D. J. Scalapino, Phys. Rev. B 99, 224515 (2019). 4. S. D. Conradson, T. H. Geballe, A. Gauzzi, M. Karppinen, C.-Q. Jin, G. Baldinozzi, W. Li, L. Cao, E. Gilioli, J. M. Jiang, M. Latimer, O. Mueller, V. Nasretdinova, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 117, 4559 (2020). 5. S. D. Conradson, T. H. Geballe, C.-Q. Jin, L.-P. Cao, A. Gauzzi, M. Karppinen, G. Baldinozzi, W.-M. Li, E. Gilioli, J. M. Jiang, M. Latimer, O. Mueller, V. Nasretdinova, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 117, 33099 (2020).
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hal-03946116 , version 1 (19-01-2023)


  • HAL Id : hal-03946116 , version 1


Andrea Gauzzi, D. Hrabovsky, Hemmatzade Amirreza, Ludovic Delbes, Linda Sederholm, et al.. High-Tc superconductivity in strongly overdoped cuprates. 8th international conference on superconductivity and magnetism, ICSM Conferences, May 2023, Fethiye, Turkey. ⟨hal-03946116⟩
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